Posted: 2005-04-20 / Author: Chris Margetis
Borrowing Money For A Small BusinessBorrowing money is one of the most common sources of funding for a small business, but obtaining a loan isn't always easy. Before you approach your banker for a loan, it is a good idea to understand as much as you can about the factors the bank will evaluate when they consider making you a loan. This discussion outlines some of the key factors a bank uses to analyze a potential borrower. Also included is a self-assessment checklist at the end of this section for you to complete.
KEY POINTS TO CONSIDER
Let's begin by exploring some of the key points your banker will review:
1. Ability to Repay/Capacity
2. Credit History
Example: A new business needs a $100,000 to start. The business owner must put $20,000 of her own money into the new business as equity. Her loan will be $80,000. The debt to equity ratio is 4:1. Note also that this is only one of many factors used to evaluate the business -- just having the right debt/equity ratio does not guarantee you'll get the loan.
The balance sheet indicates the amount of equity or net worth of a business. The net worth of the business is often a combination of retained earnings and owner's equity. In many cases, owner's equity will be shown as a loan from shareholders and therefore a liability. If a business owner wishes to obtain a loan, she will be obligated to pay the bank back first and not herself. Consequently, it may be necessary to restructure the liability so that it becomes owner's equity or subordinate the loan. If the current debt to net worth is 4 or over it is unlikely that the business will be able to obtain additional debt/loan.
QUESTIONS YOUR BANKER WILL ASK
The key questions the banker will be seeking to answer are as follows:
1. Can the business repay the loan? (is cash flow greater than debt service?)
2. Can you repay the loan if the business fails? (is collateral sufficient to repay the loan?)
3. Does the business collect its bills?
4. Does the business control its inventory?
5. Does the business pay its bills?
6. Are the officers committed to the business?
7. Does the business have a profitable operating history?
8. Does the business match its sources and uses of funds?
9. Are sales growing?
10. Does the business control expenses?
11. Are profits increasing as a percentage of sales?
12. Is there any discretionary cash flow?
13. What is the future of the industry?
14. Who is your competition and what are their strengths and weaknesses?.
A client that wants to open a business and has no experience in that business should not seek financing let alone start the business unless they intend to hire people who know the business or take on a partner that has the appropriate experience. Regardless, the client should be advised to take some time to work in the business first and take some entrepreneurial training classes.
Whether you are applying for a microloan, SBA loan or a traditional bank loan, there are certain factors that improve your ability to obtain financing.
To receive a simple checklist to do before you begin to seek capital, and a F*ree 5 Day course in Small Business Administration via email, send me an email at mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Christos Margetis is the president of ClickGoFind.com The tips in this article were extracted from Chris's award- winning website at http://www.clickgofind.com/
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